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Gender pay gap could be influenced by women working in lower-paying fields, study finds

By WITW Staff on March 24, 2016

Over half of the gender pay gap, according to a report published Wednesday by jobs site Glassdoor, can be explained by the fact that women tend to work in lower-paying industries and take jobs that pay less than men. Glassdoor looked at pay information shared by its users, inclusive of about 504,000 full-time salaries, and found that women made 76 cents on average for every dollar men make. Fifty-four percent of this pay gap was attributable to differences between jobs that men and women typically hold, and the standard of pay in the industries in which they work.

“Men and women for a variety of reasons are being pushed into different jobs and industries,” Andrew Chamberlain, Glassdoor’s chief economist, told the Huffington Post. For example, the things girls and boys are encouraged to do and rewarded for from a young age can have an effect on their career paths later in life.

Differences in experience and education drove a further 14 percent of the gap, but, even after accounting for such differences, said Chamberlain, a gap of about 5 cents still remained. This gap, he theorizes, may be directly attributable to workplace bias. A recent study by researchers at New York University has also found that as women become proportionately more prevalent in a field of work, the average pay for such jobs drops.

In the Glassdoor study, Chamberlain said the widest pay gaps tended to occur within the higher paying male-dominated industries. For example, in computer programming, the data found women earn 72 cents for every dollar men earn.

Read the full story at The Huffington Post.