While women seem to be making strides as coaches in professional sports, and female participation in college sports is rising drastically, the number of women coaching women’s teams in college has hit an all-time low. According to the Tucker Center for Girls and Women in Sport, that is an unintended consequence of Title IX: when it was signed into action in 1972, 90 percent of coaches for women’s teams were female, but in 2012 that number has fallen to 42.9 percent. The law, intended to eliminate gender discrimination in education programs and activities, has lead to a steady rise in female athletes in colleges, as more money was flowing into women’s sports. According to the Tucker Center researchers, this has made the teams more financially attractive for male coaches. “Post Title IX, men have enjoyed the opportunity to coach women,” said Nicole M. LaVoi, associate director of the Tucker Center. “But the women’s coaching opportunities have not opened up the same way. You could argue that Title IX has benefitted male coaches more than women coaches.”
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